In China, molecular biologists have found that the coronavirus COVID-19 can penetrate into human cells not only through the ACE2 receptor, but also in another way – through the protein growth of the CD147 molecule.
“We know that the virus uses the ACE2 receptor to penetrate the body. However, since it is often found in the cells of the heart, kidneys and genitals, the fight against the virus through this protein can negatively affect these organs. We isolated another receptor, the molecules of which attacks the virus. This expands the potential arsenal of means to suppress the infection, “the scientists write.
The COVID-19 virus, which caused an outbreak of pneumonia in China and several other countries, penetrates human and other mammalian lung cells using ACE2 protein molecules that cover lung cells. These outgrowths, as scientists have discovered long ago, play an important role in the life of SARS, another dangerous virus, the causative agent of SARS.
Chinese scientists from the Fourth Military Medical University in Xi’an and the Institute of Biotechnology in Beijing found that the pathogen COVID-19 uses at least one other way to get into human tissues and cells. This is the protein receptor CD147.